Online and face-to-face spaces blend to create a today’s classroom. Most schools have physical buildings. For purposes of this article, we'll call these “the bricks.” Also, schools also have online spaces where students work and collaborate. We'll call these, “the clicks.” When bricks and clicks combine into a powerful learning experience for students, we have an effective blended classroom.
In the final analysis, don't think that blending doesn't apply to your classroom. As an illustration, this summer at ISTE, I facilitated a panel of blended learning experts. As they presented, it became clear: most classrooms are already blended classrooms, whether they realize it or not. For this reason, let’s explore the essential elements of effective blended learning so we can all level up.
Blended Learning Tip #1: Use Videos To Supplement Face-to-Face Instruction
In flipped learning, students watch videos at home. Typically, these videos contain information that would be in a teacher's lecture. Then, in the classroom, students do activities they typically would do for homework.
Why I Use In-Flip Teaching.
The in-flip method is similar except students watch the videos a during class. In this technique, I take the software tutorials and “point and click” instructions into videos. At the present time, I prefer the in-flip method for several reasons:
- Help when they need it. Students can get help from me whether they are watching videos or doing work. (Just like some kids don't listen in class, some will tune out videos too!)
- Learning while watching tutorials. Students often pause software videos and work on the software. (I've found that for software, it is best to pause and learn at that moment.)
- I become a better teacher. Students can give me feedback to improve the online classroom so other students won't have the same problem.
Personalize Learning and Save Time.
This method of teaching is like I’ve given a copy of myself to every single student.
There's an old movie, “Click,” with Adam Sandler. The character played by Adam Sandler was able to rewind and replay important scenes of his life. Now, my students can replay me — their teacher — any time it suits them.
It's a compelling method of learning. In addition, I can also go around the classroom and help everybody with what they're doing.
Select a Simple Video Creation Tool.
I have found that videos and items created for student use, should have my voice in them. I like to use Office Mix, to create these quick videos but have used several tools with good results:
- Screen-cast-o-matic – This tool runs in a web browser. As a free tool, it is the one my students use. (PC, Mac)
- Explain Everything – This tool is perfect for iPads. Math teachers make quick “explainer” videos about how to work math problems. This tool is perfect when you want to hand write in your video. (iPad)
- Screenflow – Tony Vincent shared this tool with me. I use it to capture my iPhone and iPad and more. (Mac)
- Office Mix for Powerpoint – Office Mix is a plugin that you add to PowerPoint 2013. This tool is the easiest video creation tool. I'm convinced any teacher can learn to make a quick video in minutes. (PC only)
- My Simple Show – This tool makes a quick “explainer video” with nice graphics. All you need is a simple script, this easy, free tool does the rest. (Runs in a web browser.)
Blended Learning Tip #2: Select a Flexible Learning Management System
I could not teach without my learning management system any more than I could teach without my physical classroom. I need both of them to nurture and create a successful learning environment for my students. Understanding how to use them both successfully is part of being a great teacher, in my opinion.
Why I Chose an LMS.
A Learning Management System (LMS) is not required. However, several years ago I moved to an LMS for several reasons:
- We use lots of apps and tools and needed one place for the links and assignments.
- Students needed one place to turn in work.
- We needed a simple system to assess student work including built-in rubrics.
- College and virtual high schools use learning management systems. My students need to be ready.
- We needed a streamlined place to hold videos and their accompanying essential questions.
- Class discussion boards needed to be easier to find.
- We just needed to make it all simple!
We assembled a team to evaluate a variety of websites. Haiku Learning was our highest-ranked LMS. Recently, PowerSchool purchased Haiku Learning and rebranded it PowerSchool Learning. Even better, the grade book was integrated with PowerSchool. Now, when I enter grades in my LMS, they go straight to my PowerTeacher grade book. After entering assignments, I just open PowerSchool and click “publish” so parents can see the grades. This saves me so much time!
Whatever LMS you select, look for one with many features. If you can save time with entry, great, but it isn't required. (I know of teachers who use PowerSchool Learning but have a different Gradebook system.)
Blended Learning Tip #3: Consistently Layout the Screen
Could you imagine a classroom where the inbox for student work moved every week? Would you do that to students?
In the first place, teachers who constantly change how students turn in online work are confusing their students. Secondly, I have found that a consistent layout of the screen lets students focus on the content. Finally, I teach students how to use the LMS in order to learn the content.
Tips on LMS Layout
Essential items in the layout of my online classroom include:
- Essential questions – I list these for each video. Students make sure they look for answers to these questions as they watch videos. I have students use these to take notes in OneNote and submit a link to the notebook page to me when finished.
- Videos – Videos have lesson numbers. I also use custom YouTube thumbnails for the videos so they are clearly labeled.
- Assignments – Each assignment has a number. That way, students can easily find an assignment if they need to get work done. I also embed assignments on the page so students can see them and if they've submitted work.
- Simple, repeated graphics – I have consistent graphics for Step 1, Step 2, Step 3 that I now use. This helps beginners learn to move through the assignment without getting confused.
Blended Learning Tip #4: Create 2-Way Communications with Your Students
Effective communication with students comes in several forms. Understandably, an important part of beginning a course is practicing successful LMS habits.
Give Feedback on Assignments.
Giving students feedback so they can improve is essential to learning. We want our students to understand their mistakes so they can correct them.
Currently, I give online feedback in our LMS several ways:
- Annotation. If it is a Word, Excel, PDF, or PowerPoint files, I just click and type on the file. In the LMS, I click “return files” and students get them.
- Rubrics. Build-in rubrics let me mark the rubrics. I print them as PDF's and give them back to students for re-work and feedback.
- Messages. I send students messages to clarify instructions or let them know what they’ve done wrong. I can send messages on assignments or to a group of students.
- Grades. Grades on the assignment go directly to the gradebook. Students can use the assignment number to look them up in the LMS. The assignment is also included in the gradebook.
How to Review Feedback.
Students often know how to turn in work but not how to improve the work they’ve already done. Feedback is not effective if students don’t know how to read it, download it, correct it and return it. At the same time, you have to teach students this valuable skill. So, I teach students how to read their messages, how to look up assignments and review rubrics, and even how to ask questions before turning work back in. Communication must be two-way to work.
Assignment and Communication Notifications.
You also want to make sure that students understand how to notify themselves of important activity. While many more options are available, I recommend that students set up their cell phone to receive text notifications when:
- work is handed back,
- they receive a message in their inbox, and
- when they successfully turn in an assignment.
These notifications help students stay “on top” of their work and prevent procrastination.
Students also set up notifications inside our gradebook student information system (SIS.) The PowerSchool App also works with their Apple Watch or email. Students should set up notifications to come to them in the way that they will check. Whatever method they choose, students if students handle the grades promptly, we both remember and can teach.
5. Blended Learning Tip #5: Promote Student Professionalism
I'm the oldest daughter of a south Georgia farmer. So, when school was out, my sisters and I worked on the farm. During school, however, my Dad told us that our profession was that of “student.” Since being a student was our “job,” he expected us to do it well.
Understandably, I teach my students the same thing. Here are a few ways I teach my students to be professional scholars:
IM Speak. In discussion forums, many students use IM speak. Sometimes they’ll interact in 140 characters like they would on Twitter. Other times, they have no capitalization like they would on Snapchat. Interestingly, students also do this when communicating with me. IM Speak is not allowed.
Commenting. Also, students struggle to have discussion that is much past “good job” or “I like this.” Students have to learn how to respond to other student work in meaningful ways. Many don't know how.
Following Instructions. Recently I had a student turn in random screeenshots because I asked for a screenshot. However, I asked for a screenshot of a specific item, not just a screenshot. I've found that students often don't pay attention to assignment requirements when they are online. Part of being a professional is learning how to turn in excellent work that meets or exceeds requirements.
Blended Learning Is Here to Stay
The biggest shift is helping students understand the online classroom is as important as the face-to-face one. It's easy to put the virtual aside and think the physical classroom is all there is. But, in today's interconnected world the bricks and the clicks both matter. Helping students succeed in our blended classroom is a high priority for me. Online learning is here to stay and every classroom is becoming blended.
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